A history of fingerprint identification is available at onin.com/fp/fphistory.html (Ed German).
You can learn more about how the FBI handles fingerprints and the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System at www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/takingfps.html, www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/org/lpu.htm, and www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/iafis.htm(FBI).
To learn more about fingerprint classification and identification, see biometrics.cse.msu.edu/fingerprint.html (Michigan State University).
Information about current applications of fingerprint-identification technology can be found at webhost.bridgew.edu/jcolby/it525/applications.html (Bridgewater State College).
For information about fingerprint identification and privacy issues, see www.epic.org/privacy/themepark/ (Electronic Privacy Information Center).
The Fingerprint Verification Competition has a Web site at bias.csr.unibo.it/fvc2006/(University of Bologna).
An article about Simon Cole of the University of California, Irvine and faulty fingerprint identification is available at www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2005-09/uoc–sof091305.php (University of California, Irvine).
Sohn, Emily. 2004. Crime lab. Science News for Kids (Dec. 15). Available at http://www.sciencenewsforkids.org/articles/20041215/Feature1.asp.
Science Fair Projects:
Fingerprint Patterns and Ethnicity
Heredity and Fingerprint Patterns
Books recommended by SearchIt!Science:
When Objects Talk: Solving a Crime with Science— Mark P. Friedlander, Jr., and Terry M. Phillips
Published by Lerner Publishing, 2001.
Meet the many people who investigate crimes—homicide detectives, medical examiners, legal teams, and forensic specialists. Explore how bloodstain patterns, soil and fiber analysis, fingerprinting, DNA testing, ballistics, and many other techniques help identify suspects and solve crimes. Read how police, lawyers, judges, and juries bring criminals to justice. This book includes photographs that show the many methods used to analyze evidence.
Case Closed: The Real Scoop on Detective Work— Milton Meltzer
Published by Orchard Books/Scholastic, 2001.
We might imagine detectives sleuthing around in trench coats or hunched over their magnifying glasses—but what is real detective work like? The first part of this book describes what it’s like to be a detective. It explains how detectives deal with the crime scene, scared witnesses, and white-collar crime. The second part tells what goes on behind the scenes in the lab, from fingerprints and DNA evidence to bullets, blood, and poison. Detectives who aren’t on the police force are the subject of part three. Included here are famous private detectives, corporate detectives, investigative reporters, and detectives who specialize in organized crime. The book concludes with information on how to become a detective.
Crime Science: How Investigators Use Science to Track down the Bad Guys— Vivien Bowers
Published by Firefly Books, 1997.
“Have you ever wondered if you’d make a good investigator?” asks author Vivien Bowers. The book takes you to several crime scenes. Learn the skills and techniques of the men and women who help solve crimes. How do people detect counterfeit money and checks? Find the culprit behind a crime committed by a computer hacker. Inside information, as well as recent scientific advances in crime solving, is explained. The author describes how experts around the world use DNA tests and fingerprint databases to find crooks and killers.
Copyright © 2002, 2003 Houghton-Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Used with permission.