- What are some ways your body cools you down when you get too hot? How might other animals, like dogs, cool down when overheated? Now think about plants. How might they cool down? How much of a problem do you think overheating might be to a plant?
- Sketch a picture of a plant, roots included. Use arrows to indicate the plant parts through which water enters. Make a guess: From which plant parts do you think water can leave? Use arrows to indicate your guess. When a plant is thirsty, what physical changes do plants undergo? Which parts of the plant show the earliest signs of dehydration? Indicate these parts on your sketch. Then use a sentence or two to describe what kinds of changes you might observe.
- What are stomata? Where can they be found? List two types of changes that trigger stomata to open or close.
- When open, what do stomata take in?
- In sweltering heat, how can plants use their stomata to cool down?
- How many plant species did Renée Marchin Prokopavicius and her team study? How were one-half of the plants treated differently from the other half?
- In this study, which plants coped with the greenhouse “heat wave” without suffering leaf damage? What two species suffered the greatest leaf damage and why?
- Why does David Breshears suggest repeating the experiment elsewhere?
- What was the “hopeful lesson” that Marchin learned?
- How did the scientists in this study predict climate change would affect the frequency of plant dehydration? If their predictions are correct, what other types of life forms would likely be affected as a result? Consider how you use plants in your day-to-day life. List two specific ways that such a change might impact you.
- Describe the characteristics of places where plants are likely to suffer the most. Use findings from this study to support your answer. Now consider the plants living in your area. Describe the climate and geography of the area in which you live. Based on what you’ve learned, how might the plants in your area be affected by increased average temperatures?
- The density of stomata can affect the rate at which plants lose water. How would you expect plants with higher stomata density to compare with plants with lower stomata density? Explain your answer. On most plants, stomata density is higher on the underside of leaves. The topside of leaves typically has fewer stomata per unit of area. What advantages do you think this gives the plant? What potential problems might this help the plant avoid?