Questions for ‘Bones have stealth role in muscle, appetite and health’


The strong bones that support athletic activities also play some hidden — but very important — roles in supporting overall health, new animal data show. 


To accompany feature “Bones have stealth role in muscle, appetite and health”


Before Reading: 

1.      What are some things bones do in your body?

2.      What hormones have you heard of? What jobs do they have in the body?

During Reading:

1.     What is a hormone?

2.     Why do bones need a lot of energy?

3.     What is an osteoblast? How is it different from an osteoclast?

4.    What are four bone hormones that also talk to other organs?

5.    From Gerard Karsenty’s research, what are two ways osteocalcin affects how the body uses food and nutrients?

6.    What are three organs affected by bone hormones?

7.    What role does sclerostin appear to play in the body, according to research by Keertik Fulzele?

8.    How is fibroblast growth factor 23 important to bone health?

9.    In mice, how does lipocalin2 affect appetite?

10.  What did Stavroula Kousteni and her colleagues discover about lipocalin2 in people with type 2 diabetes?

After Reading

1.    To chat appropriately, bones must be strong and healthy. Do some research and find five ways people can support their bone health. Cite the sources of the information that you provide and identify why you believe these sources to be reliable.

2.    Hormones are some of the unsung signaling molecules of the body. Identify eight different hormones. Now choose one of them and write a profile of its role and where it comes from. Include information on when it’s active, which tissue(s) it affects and what would happen if the body got too much or too little of it. Cite the sources of the information that you used and identify why you found them reliable.