MS-ESS2-2

Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.

  1. Microbes

    World’s deepest zoo harbors clues to extraterrestrial life

    Scientists have found a wide range of life deep below Earth’s surface. The discoveries could help inform our search for life on other planets.

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  2. Earth

    Ancient Arctic ‘gas’ melt triggered enormous seafloor explosions

    Methane explosions 12,000 years ago left huge craters in bedrock on the Arctic seafloor. Scientists worry more could be on the way today as Earth’s ice sheets melt.

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  3. Earth

    To study a geyser, these teens built their own

    Fascinated by geysers but unable to see one? These teens decided to build their own. It allowed them to study how temperature and pressure make the water spew into a founta.

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  4. Climate

    Sea ice around Antarctica shrinks to record low

    Just two years after reaching a record high, the Antarctic sea ice extent has reached a new low.

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  5. Oceans

    Massive ice shelf is poised to break off of Antarctica

    A fast-growing crack in Antarctica’s Larsen C ice shelf could soon release a truly huge hunk of ice into the ocean.

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  6. Climate

    Cool Jobs: Wet and wild weather

    How’s the weather? Forecasts rely on scientists and engineers who collect and interpret data gathered on the ground, in the sky and way up in space.

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  7. Earth

    Scientists Say: Hoodoo

    When softer rocks are covered with a harder rock layer, weathering can wear away the softer stone. This will leave behind tall thin towers — hoodoos.

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  8. Earth

    Dust creates deserts in the sky

    Vast rivers of dust flow through the sky. This invisible force shapes our world in profound ways. And scientists are finally homing in on a major source.

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  9. Earth

    Cool Jobs: Getting to know volcanoes

    It’s too hot to explore the insides of a volcano. These scientists examine their lava, their low-frequency rumblings and their ‘vog’.

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  10. Earth

    Quake risk in some central states rivals California’s

    Risks of tremors in some central U.S. states are as high as those in quake-prone California. The reason: waste fluids from oil and gas drilling.

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  11. Earth

    Mystery ‘earmuffs’ sit deep inside Earth

    Two vast blobs in Earth’s lower mantle could result from a “trainwreck” of ancient colliding tectonic plates.

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  12. Oceans

    Explainer: What is a tsunami?

    Earthquakes and landslides can create huge waves that travel across oceans.

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